Yard markers:

Little white markings on the field help the players, officials and fans keep track of the ball and how close the offense is to scoring.

End zone:

It’s an additional 10 yards on each end of the field and probably, the most important part as this is where the points add up! When the offense (the team with possession of the ball) gets the ball into the opponent’s end zone, they score 6 points.

Yard lines:

Lines that appear in 5-yard intervals


The 100-yard field is divided into two 50-yard sections: one belongs to the defense; the other to the offense. This is why you hear the terms “the offense has the ball on their own 35-yard line.”


This is where the coaches, players (who aren’t currently playing) and other members of the team and on-field crew stand.

Goal line:

The offense must pass this line with the football in order to score.


A small rectangular semi-soft marker that shows the four corners of the end zone. Should a player trying to score hit the pylon with the ball, it counts as a touchdown or 2-point conversion.

End line:

Past the end zone; out of bounds Hash marks: Used mostly for ball positioning, the hashmarks
appear in 1-yard intervals vs. the yard markers which appear in 5-yard intervals. Goal post: Basically the big yellow “U” shaped thing at the end of each end zone. The vertical bars of the “U” shape are commonly called the “uprights” and is the area that the ball must be kicked through in order to score a field goal or extra point.